News Archive - 2011

Vital Signs: Alcohol-Impaired Driving Among Adults - CDC, United States, 2010
Recent figures from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) indicate a 30% fall from 2006 to 2010 in rates of alcohol-impaired driving in the US. However, the rates remain very high among among young men, binge drinkers and people who don’t always wear a seatbelt.

Prevention: Creating a Path to a Healthier and Stronger Nation
President Obama and National Drug Policy Director Gil Kerlikowske gave strong backing to prevention programmes: 'We know that prevention works. Recent research has shown that for each dollar invested in an evidence-based prevention program, between $2 and $30 can be saved in substance abuse costs.'

Sustained Decreases in Risk Exposure and Youth Problem Behaviors After Installation of the Communities That Care Prevention System in a Randomized Trial
New research found that smoking, drinking and delinquent behaviour were significantly reduced even after outside support for the CTC system ended. Over 4,000 US 5th graders were followed over five years. This study compared children in 12 towns that had used the programme with those from 12 towns that had not. 

The Importance of Family Dinners
This latest CASA report on the importance of family meals found that compared to teens who have frequent family dinners (five to seven per week), those who have infrequent family dinners (fewer than three per week) are almost four times likelier to use tobacco; more than twice as likely to use alcohol; two-and-a-half times likelier to use marijuana; and almost four times likelier to say they expect to try drugs in the future. 

Registering an Interest
Parent training classes are key to addressing children’s behavior problems, but only a fraction of those invited to attend programs enroll, while even among those who do there is a high drop out rate. New research indicates that encouraging parents to sign up and then keep them coming may require different approaches.

More than Just Stimulating Minds
Evidence-based programs that attempt to reduce achievement gaps between disadvantaged children and their better-off counterparts in the early years are effective, but their impact is, at best, modest. The director of Harvard’s Center on the Developing Child argues that new interventions should shift their focus – from just stimulating the minds of these children to also protecting their brains.

Public Policy by Numbers
Why have crime rates dropped in Washington state – maybe more cops on the street, or a get-tough policy? Or could it be that the painstaking cost-benefit analysis by the Washington State Institute for Public Policy (WSIPP) is helping legislators make decisions that reduce crime and save taxpayers money? In a new report, WSIPP’s researchers extend their approach to include crime, education, child welfare, mental health, and substance abuse.

Economic Costs of Excessive Alcohol Comsumption in the U.S.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently published a study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine which reports the cost of excessive alchol consumption in the United States in 2006 in 2006 reached $223.5 billion.

Underage Drinking in Pennsylvania
A fact sheet on the cost of underage drinking in Pennsylvania, produced by the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE) with funding from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). 

Development and Validation of a Teacher Report Measure for Assessing Social-Emotional Strengths of Children and Adolescents
An important recent contribution to the field of social and emotional assessment is a study by Merrell, Cohn, and Tom. This article describes the design and potential of a new strength-based assessment instrument, the Social-Emotional Assets and Resilience Scales, a teacher rating form referred to as "SEARS-T." As social and emotional learning is increasingly included in the school curriculum, teachers can benefit from tools that align with the development of positive skills as contrasted with problem-driven approaches to assessment.

Handbook for Family and Community Engagement (FACE)
This Department of Education-funded publication brings together the best research and practice about the coordinated efforts of schools and communities to support children's development intellectually, socially, and emotionally.

Promising results for binge drinking intervention
Binge drinking, particularly among young men, is notoriously difficult to tackle. This short intervention has been trialled by two regional UK police forces with encouraging and cost effective results. The short eductational programme tackles the link between alcohol, violence and offending; physical and psychological harms; legal impacts on a person's future life; and explanation of Government alcohol guidelines/labelling. The evaluations had incomplete follow up and lacked control groups, but make interesting reading nonetheless.

Effects of physical activity on teen smoking cessation
Published in Pediatrics, this study found that the Not on Tobacco (N-O-T) smoking prevention program from the American Lung Association was much more effective for boys but not girls if physical exercise was included. The 233 participants were assessed after three and six months. Whereas boys were found to be much more likely to quit for at least one week if they had participated in the exercise plus program, girls were found to respond better to the N-O-T scheme alone. 

Poor parenting increases likelihood of excessive drinking at ages 16 and 34
A study of over 15,000 children by the think tank Demos shows parenting style is one of the most important and statistically reliable influences on whether a child will drink responsibly in adolescence and adulthood.

Long-term effects of a parent and student intervention on alcohol use in adolescents
This Dutch prevention program was first trialled and tested in Sweden. Themes included the consequences of young drinking and the continued importance of parental influence and boundary setting. Parents then agreed shared rules with their children. The youngsters later experienced four lessons and follow up in school. At 34 months researchers found no statistically significant benefits from either separate parent or pupil interventions, but significantly positive results from the combined approach. Mike Ashton goes on to discuss related trials with this very promising combined parent/child approach.

Preschool program improves standardized test score through grade 5
Continued participation in the Harrisburg Preschool Program (HPP) has led fifth-grade students to score higher on Pennsylvania System of School Assessment (PSSA) literacy and math tests than peers who have not participated in the HPP program, according to the final evaluation of the HPP initiative by the Prevention Research Center at Penn State.

Study shows bullying affects both bystanders and target
Penn State College of Education professors JoLynn Carney, associate professor of counselor education, and Richard Hazler, professor of counselor education, studied the effects of bullying on bystanders. According to Carney and Hazler, the general theme emerging from their research is that bullying doesn't just affect victims.

Teenage drinking may be influenced more by extended circle of friends
Teenage alcohol consumption may be influenced more by a date's friends than his or her own friends, according to Penn State and Ohio State criminologists.

Understanding Evidence Part 1: Best Available Research Evidence
The Best Available Research Evidence enables researchers, practitioners, and policy-makers to determine whether or not a prevention program, practice, or policy is actually achieving the outcomes it aims to and in the way it intends. The more rigorous a study's research design, (e.g., randomized control trials, quasi-experimental designs), the more compelling the research evidence.

No Place for Kids: The Case for Reducing Juvenile Incarceration
The Annie E. Casey Foundation's new report, No Place for Kids: The Case for Reducing Juvenile Incarceration assembles a vast array of evidence to demonstrate that incarcerating kids doesn't work: Youth prisons do not reduce future offending, they waste taxpayer dollars, and they frequently expose youth to dangerous and abusive conditions.

Community effort brings lasting drop in smoking, deliquency, drug use
Researchers at the University of Washington latest study shows that tenth graders in towns using Communities That Care were less likely to have tried drinking or smoking compared with teens living in towns that had not adopted the system. Delinquent behavior, including stealing, vandalism and physical fights, decreased too.

The benefits of tinkering
Practitioners implementing evidence-based programs forever tread a fine line between adaptation and fidelity. When local culture affects the problems being addressed there is a temptation to develop different versions of the program for different racial and ethnic groups.

Building better bridges
A special issue of Child Development shows how the new and growing domain of translational research builds bridges between science and policy.

Free parent helpline for teen substance abuse
This US toll-free bi-lingual helpline is staffed by clinical social workers with practical experience in substance abuse prevention and treatment. Counsellors are extensively trained in scientifically proven intervention techniques such as 'Motivational Interviewing' to assist parents in communicating with their children and to find appropriate help and follow-up when necessary. Open daytime Monday-Friday, the resource is not a crisis line, but takes messages out of hours.

Drug facts booklet for teenagers
"Drug Facts: Shatter the Myths" Q&A booklet has been updated for 2011. Written by 'Sara Bellum', the booklet answers teenagers' most frequently asked questions about drugs and drug abuse.

Social Development Research Group Issue Paper on Evidence-Based Policy
This document is an issue paper from the Social Development Research Group (SDRG) that highlights the importance of evidence-based policy for prevention. Two types of evidence-based policy are discussed, and the standards used to assess them

Brandywine Health Foundation Employment Opportunity
The Brandywine Health Foundation is proud to announce that we have received funding from the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency to launch a "youth court" for students in the Coatesville Area School District, as well as funding from the federal Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration for a Drug Free Communities program. We have three job openings in the Coatesville Youth Initiative. The deadline for resumes is 4:00 p.m. on Friday, September 30, 2011.

Translational Research: understanding the continuum from bench to bedside
Biomedical Research Translational Continuum proposed model shows the entire process form basic science discovery to public health impact. It takes into account the gaps that exist between crucial steps in this process to attempt to connect the separate actions and make one continuous process.

The big why: a learning agenda for the scale-up movement
The standard evidence-based position assumes widespread improvement for children and youth will occur through “scaling-up” brand-name programs, models, and organizations that have produced effects in prior evaluations. Do more of what works and less of what does not; the idea seems prudent and has political appeal. There are many external factors that cannot be controlled and are hard to measure that need to be taken into account to scale-up a program, this article discusses some strategies that can be used to achieve those goals.

School-Based Early Childhood Education and Age-28 Well-Being: Effects by Timing, Dosage, and Subgroups
Among findings from the Chicago longitudinal study is that pre-school educated children were 28% less likely to have substance absuse issues 25 years later on. Pre-school educated children were also found to be less likely to go to prison, more likely to attend college and to have higher socio-economic status.

Prevention Action - Dangerous Dosage
Swedish and US researchers have concluded from a new study that evidence-based prevention programs should be delivered effectively, and at the optimal dosage, just as a doctor would want for a prescribed dose of medicine.

Young people, alcohol and influences
The Joseph Rowntree Foundation published this report which presents the findings from a major study of young people and their relationship with alcohol, and explores the wide range of influences on their drinking.

The follies of youth? The relationship between age at alcohol initiation and future alcohol problems
Against the trend of other studies, researchers from the longitudinal Seattle Social Development Project discovered that early alcohol use before age 14 was not related significantly to future alcohol misuse or dependence. Alcohol use from ages 15 to 21 was significant, however.

Family Relationships May Protect Early Teens from Alcohol Use
This study is from the University of Queensland’s Centre for Youth Substance Abuse Research and the Centre for Adolescent Health in Melbourne, Australia. The team found that emotional closeness between fathers and daughters and between mothers and sons may protect young teenagers, and that family conflict is more closely linked to girls’ drinking than boys’ drinking.

Universal school-based prevention programs for alcohol misuse in young people
The Cochrane Drugs and Alcohol Group carried out a meta analysis of 53 well-designed experimental studies that examined the effectiveness of school-based universal programs for the prevention of alcohol misuse and other problems for young people. They highlighted the Life Skills Training Program, the Unplugged program, and the Good Behavior Game.

Report of the Global Commission on Drugs Policy
The Global Commission Report on Drug Policy recommends the transformation of the current 'prohibitionist' approach into the development of, 'evidence-based, cost-effective, harm-reducing drug policies'. The report also highlights the role of prevention, calling for more investment in, 'evidence-based prevention, with a special focus on youth'.

Preventing teenage prescription drug abuse
This resource from Partnership at Drugfree.org includes statistics on teenage prescription abuse, three simple steps to reduce risk, advice on conducting a conversation, and an update on current slang terminology. It concludes with 'expert' comment from Dr Kathleen Brady, Dr Anthony Wolfe and Tom Hendrick.

The CASEL Forum Report: Expanding Social and Emotional Learning Nationwide
This recently published report summarizes the presentations and discussions that took place at CASEL's third forum, held in Washington D.C., April 13-14 and co-sponsored by NoVo Foundation. This event brought together national leaders in the fields of education, science, philanthropy, and policy making.

The Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning Act of 2011
This Bill was introduced to the House of Representatives in July by Representatives Judy Biggert (R-IL), Dale E. Kildee (D-MI), and Tim Ryan (D-OH). HR 2437 will expand the availability of programs that teach students skills such as problem-solving, conflict resolution, responsible decision-making, relationship building, goal-setting, and self-discipline.

Program Evaluation: Ensuring a lively discussion among participants about IMPACTS
Penn State Cooperative Extension Tip Sheet #94. Discusses the benefits of discussing the impacts from a program and provides suggestions to get the most out of a group discussion.

Evidence-Based Interventions for Juvenile Offenders and Juvenile Justice Policies that Support Them
This paper examines “what works” and “what doesn’t work” in reducing the criminal behavior of juvenile offenders and presents examples of government initiatives that have successfully promoted the adoption, implementation, and sustainability of evidence-based interventions for juvenile offenders.

Family-based solutions to school-based risks
Concerns about tough responses to youth crime and violence, especially in the context of the urban riots in England, took on new relevance when a team from the Norwegian Center for Child Behavioral Development spoke at the first Global Implementation Conference this week, on the 15th of August.

The challenges for translational research
Outlining the obstacles to translating effective programs into policies and systems, US prevention scientists propose an approach that draws upon "the best of developmental and prevention science to transform not only practice but also the attitudes, beliefs, values and policies that constrain the use of science to transform the lives of vulnerable children".

Sticking to the script
If prevention research has a refrain, it's that "fidelity predicts outcomes." But it's hard to measure fidelity - especially in complex family therapy programs that unfold over time. A new study offers an answer.

It works here, it works there, it works everywhere
Evidence from the UK, continental Europe and the developing world indicates that pre-schooling can have a profound effect on the life chances of the most deprived children.

I'll huff and I'll puff... and I'll build my self-esteem
A universal prevention program that draws its inspiration from the Three Little Pigs proves more successful at nurturing self-esteem than at preventing depression.

All in the brain
Harvard Professor Jack Shonkoff describes how neuroscience has the potential to build bridges between disparate fields of health, education and social care and can offer radical new theories of change for building a positive early childhood.

Family-based solutions to school-based risks
What's the best way to help children navigate tough school transitions? An unusual intervention that focuses not on the children but on parents' relationships is still showing positive results - 10 years later
.

Drug Use and Risk Among Youth in Different Rural Contexts
This study compared levels of drug use and risk and protective factors among 18,767 adolescent youths from communities of less than 50,000 in population living either on farms, in the country but not on farms, or in towns.The findings suggest that outreach to farm-dwelling youths maybe particularly important for interventions seeking to prevent adolescent drug use in rural settings.

Sustainability of Evidence-based Programs Findings from the 2010 PCCD Web Survey
Research brief discusses the findings from the 2010 PCCD web-based survey of evidence-based programs. This year’s research brief focuses on sustainability and answers the following questions: Are programs able to sustain functioning after the end of their PCCD grant and at what level?; How are programs sustained?; What factors predict sustainability?; What sustainability resources are available to communities?

Children, Youth, & Family Consortium: 2010 Minnesota Family Impact Seminar Briefing Report
This report provides a written background for the Family Impact Seminars (FIS) speakers' presentations. It discusses way to examine public policy, criteria for shaping evidence-informed policy, gives examples of and lessons learned from case-studies in Minnesota, and provides potential policy solutions and considerations

PAYS FAQ
This one-page document presented by the PA Commission on Crime and Delinquency (PCCD), Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), presents answers to nine of the most frequently asked questions regarding the PA Youth Survey (PAYS) and PCCD contact information.

"It PAYS to Ask" Information Sheet
This one-page document presented by the PA Commission on Crime and Delinquency (PCCD), Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), is an easy-to-understand overview of the PA Youth Survey (PAYS).  It provides the reader with concise points regarding the PAYS and contact information.

Pennsylvania Child and Adolescent Service System Program Newsletter, June 2011
This newsletter is the June issue put out by the Pennsylvania Child and Adolescent Service System Program. PA CASSP is a comprehensive system of care for children, adolescents, and their families. This issues topics include meeting the mental health needs of children in foster care and on welfare, how screening can help such children and families, and multidimensional treatment foster care offered in Pennsylvania.

The Incredible Years - Casey Foundation Evaluation
This summary presents the results of a recent outcome and implementation evaluation involving staff and 24 caregivers at two agencies in New York that used The Incredible Years for the first time. The Incredible Years is focused on enhancing parenting skills, knowledge of child development, positive child behavior, and parent-child relationships.

Washington State Child Welfare Report - Delivering of Incredible Years Parenting Program
From 2007-2009 the Washington State Child Welfare office has funded the training of family support workers and delivery of the evidence-based Incredible Years parenting program to families who had been referred to them for child abuse and neglect. Most of these families were classified as open cases and the program was highly recommended to them while other families were mandated to take the program.

Bullying Behaviors Among US Youth: Prevalence and Association With Psychosocial Adjustment
Although violence among US youth is a current major concern, bullying is infrequently addressed and no national data on the prevalence of bullying are available. The purpose of this study is to measure the prevalence of bullying behaviors among US youth and to determine the association of bullying and being bullied with indicators of psychosocial adjustment, including problem behavior, school adjustment, social/emotional adjustment, and parenting.

Promise Neighborhoods Grant Opportunity
Promise Neighborhoods is a new grant opportunity. Promise Neighborhoods, established under the legislative authority of the Fund for the Improvement of Education Program (FIE), provides funding to support eligible entities, including (1) nonprofit organizations, which may include faith-based nonprofit organizations, (2) institutions of higher education, and (3) Indian tribes. Intent to apply is due July 22, 2011 and applications are due September 6, 2011.

Return on Investment: Evidence-Based Options to Improve Statewide Outcomes
The 2009 Washington Legislature directed the Institute to “calculate the return on investment to taxpayers from evidence-based prevention and intervention programs and policies.” The Legislature instructed the Institute to produce “a comprehensive list of programs and policies that improve . . . outcomes for children and adults in Washington and result in more cost-efficient use of public resources.” This report is a reflection of those directions and the project that took place to gather the necessary information.

Promoting Well-Being in Schools: Current Status and Future Challenges
This presentation was given by Mark Greenberg as his keynote address at the 2011 European Network for Social and Emotional Competence (ENSEC) Conference. It discusses recent findings on social and emotional learning, why the role of schools is essential, and three current and future research challenges in school-based prevention.

Partnerships to Expand Protective Factors for Children in Child Welfare
The purpose of this 17-month funding opportunity is to support collaborative initiatives between child welfare and early childhood systems to maximize enrollment and supports of young children in foster care into early care and education programs. Applicants will be expected to address barriers to permanency and implement multi-disciplinary interventions to improve the socio-emotional and behavioral well-being of children and their families.

Nurturing Implementation Quality of PATHS in Pennsylvania
This presentation was presented at the International PATHS conference on June 29, 2011. It discusses the impact of technical assistance on PATHS implementation.

U.S. Department of Education Invites Comments on School Bullying Law and Policy Plan
The U.S. Department of Education has published a plan to conduct case studies at 24 school sites across the nation to analyze bullying laws and policies. The study will identify promising strategies and practices schools use to combat bullying and will examine how state legislative requirements influence policies, including ways that state and district policies facilitate or create challenges for effective implementation. Comments are due by August 1, 2011, and may be submitted electronically to ICDocketMgr@ed.gov or mailed to the U.S. Department of Education, 400 Maryland Avenue, SW, LBJ, Washington, DC 20202–4537.

Prevention Action - Moving beyond good intentions
The assumption that cultural differences discourage minority ethnic parents from attending parenting groups is incorrect, according to a recent British study. But while the research shows how certain ethnic minority groups are keener on parenting interventions than the white British majority, turning this interest into actual attendance is another matter.

Prevention Action - Juvenile Justice: what works and what doesn’t
How can we reduce the criminal behavior of juvenile offenders? We do know which programs work and which don't, two South Carolina researchers claim, yet fewer than 5% of juvenile offenders in the US receive evidence-based programs.

Prevention Action - Reading Writing, Respect and Resolution; a winning formula
Advances in child development have provided evidence not only that there is a high co-occurrence of aggression and academic difficulties but also that these problems share similar etiologies. Results from a recent randomized experiment, reported in the latest edition of Child Development, suggest that the benefits of an integrated approach to improving both social-emotional learning and literacy are particularly effective for high-risk groups.

SAMHSA Releases School Toolkit for Suicide Prevention
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s Suicide Prevention Research Center has released, “After a Suicide: A Toolkit for Schools.” The toolkit describes common warning signs and causes of suicide, provides best practices on suicide prevention in schools, and provides information about how a school should respond when a suicide has occurred. Topics include crisis response, helping students cope, working with the community, social media, bringing in outside help, and more.

Prevention Action - Scale of the ChallengeAfter a program has been found to work, expanding it to new places and people can appear a major challenge. A recent report reveals the six steps needed to take a program to scale.

Prevention Action - Unicef: putting our money on adolescents
A focus on improving the lives of adolescents across the developing world is believed to provide high social and financial returns to international aid investments, a UNICEF report suggests. The report says there are five reasons why adolescents are an important focus.

Prevention Action - Unfreeze, transition, and refreeze
What frameworks can help organizations make lasting changes for the better? “Getting to Outcomes” sets out a model for planning, changing, and evaluating – in 10 useful steps.

Pennsylvania Child and Adolescent Service System Program Newsletter, June 2011
This newsletter is the June issue put out by the Pennsylvania Child and Adolescent Service System Program. PA CASSP is a comprehensive system of care for children, adolescents, and their families. This issues topics include meeting the mental health needs of children in foster care and on welfare, how screening can help such children and families, and multidimensional treatment foster care offered in Pennsylvania.

The Evaluation Exchange: A Periodical on Emerging Strategies in Evaluation
This article is a newsletter created by the Harvard Family Research Project that focuses on emerging strategies in evaluation. Key observations noted in this issue include that scaling impact often refers to scaling programs or interventions, but ideas, technologies, skills, and policies can also be scaled. Thinking about scale more broadly can reveal additional opportunities to scale impact beyond the traditional business model of replication.

Good things come in small sizes
The effectiveness of anxiety prevention programs amongst children and adolescents was the focus of a recent meta-analytic review published in the journal Prevention Science. The findings reveal small but significant effects on outcomes.

Coping Power in the Real World
There are many challenges associated with the implementation of evidence-based programs in real-world settings. Research reveals that for one program - Coping Power - success is in part determined by the intensity of supervisory feedback provided to those on the front line delivering the intervention.

Adult-Supervised Drinking with Young Teens May Lead to More Unsupervised Alcohol Use and Harmful Consequences
This research brief highlights a study which discusses the following: students in the International Youth Development Study who drank under adult supervision in eighth grade reported experiencing more harmful consequences of alcohol use, such as not being able to stop drinking, getting into fights, or having blackouts in ninth grade. These findings held for both U.S. and Australian adolescents who participated in the study.

Obama Administration releases National Prevention Strategy
Members of the National Prevention, Health Promotion, and Public Health Council announced the release of the National Prevention and Health Promotion Strategy, a comprehensive plan that will help increase the number of Americans who are healthy at every stage of life. The National Prevention Strategy recognizes that good health comes not just from receiving quality medical care, but also from clean air and water, safe work sites and healthy foods. The strategy was developed by the National Prevention Council, which is composed of 17 federal agencies who consulted with outside experts and stakeholders.

Prevention Action - Two Ways to Bake a Cake
The authors of a new study explore the potential reasons why some evidence-based programs fail to produce the same improvements when delivered in the community. They argue two key elements of implementation fidelity play a part, implementer adherence and implementer competence.

Funding Opportunity Announcement: Child Welfare -- Education System Collaborations to Increase Educational Stability
The purpose of this FOA is to build collaborations between child welfare systems and education systems to increase the educational stability of children in or at risk of entering the child welfare system.  Child welfare systems may identify the neighborhoods or school districts that serve the highest number of children involved in the child welfare system, and develop collaborative policies, procedures, and programs that will increase the educational stability and school success for those children, particularly those aged 10-17.

Understanding the Interactive Systems Framework for Dissemination and Implementation
Applying Science, Advancing Practice (ASAP) is a series of information briefs crated by CDC's Division of Violence Prevention to help apply scientific knowledge to the practice of primary prevention of violence.  This brief describes the Interactive Systems Framework (ISF) for Dissemination and Implementation, which was developed to address the "how to" gap that exists between scientifically determining what works and moving that knowledge into the field for the benefit of the public.

The Mysterious Success of Parenting Programs
Prevention Action reports findings from a recent review of randomized trials out of Arizona State University's Prevention Research Center which found significant evidence for the long-term effectiveness of preventive parenting programs (e.g., Incredible Years) - but it is still unclear why they are effective.  The brief can be accessed by clicking on the link above.

An Emotional Impact
Prevention Action reports findings from a study out of Penn State University which found that the association between early emotional knowledge and later academic success in young children can be explained by children's ability to attend to the tasks at hand. You can access the report by clicking on the link above.

Social-emotional Learning Sandards in Your State
With funding from the Buena Vista Foundation and NoVo Foundation, CASEL and the University of Illinois at Chicago Social Emotional Learning Research Group are conducting a review of educational standards related to social and emotional learning from preschool to high school in all 50 states and the six territories.  Click on the link for access to an interactive map to find out about the social and emotional learning in your state.

Evaluating Evaluations
Prevention Action discusses how to compare and determine how much confidence we can have in findings from studies that use different designs (e.g., Randomized Control Trials vs. Quasi-experimental).  You can access the report by clicking on the link above.

Juvenile Justice:  What works and what doesn't
Prevention Action reviews research on those programs and practices that are most and least effective in working with youth in the juvenile justice system.  To access the review please click on the link above.

Reading, Writing, Respect and Resolution:  A winning formula
Prevention Action highlights preliminary findings from a recent evaluation of a program that targets both social-emotional and academic skills in young children.  The results suggest that all youth who participate in the program show improved social-cognitive processing, behaviors and social-emotional outcomes; however, positive impacts on academic outcomes were only seen for a subset of higher-risk youth.  Please click on the link about to access the findings.

Handouts and materials from our Sustainability Training held on May 23, 2011 are now available via a link on the Resources and Research page.

Justice Resource Update Addresses Youth Violence Prevention
The Office of Justice Programs has released the April 2011 issue of its Justice Resource Update newsletter.  The latest issue discusses the U.S. Department of Justice's efforts to prevent youth violence, including the recent Summit on Preventing Youth Violence. The press release and the April 2011 issue of the Justice Resource Update are available online by clicking on the links above.

Child Protection: The shape of things to come
Prevention Action Published an article on their website, which can be accessed by clicking the link above, highlighting how Ken Dodge and colleagues from Duke University tested ways of going to families before problems occur (rather than after) to seek evidence that this is a better process for child protection.

Start late, finish early:  Crime across the generations
Prevention Action published an article on their website, which can be accessed by clicking the link above, describing how several teams of researchers presented longitudinal evidence that there are subtleties and differences for children of offenders committing crimes.  The data, which has been gathered over 3 generations, shows that the grandchildren of offenders are more likely to offend.

The Seattle Social Development Project (SSDP) - Still shining a light after 30 years
Prevention Action published an article on their website, which can be accessed by clicking the link above, highlighting how the SSDP has sought to understand the influence and development of delinquency and drug abuse on young people for 30 years.

Successful Family Engagement in the Classroom: What teachers need to know and be able to do to engage families in raising student achievement
Family Research and the Flamboyan Foundation published a paper, which can be accessed by clicking on the link above, defining family engagement and outlining how how teachers can foster family engagement to increase student achievement.

Propsed Federal Budget Cuts Threaten Big Brother Big Sisters' Ability to Serve Children
The House of Representative has voted on a budget proposal (H.R.1) that would cut the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) Mentoring Programs budget by 45% and eliminate funding for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Mentoring Children of Prisoners Program altogether, meaning prevention and mentoring programs like Big Brothers Big Sisters may be adversely affected.  More information can be accessed by clicking the link above.

Department of Justice Hosts Summit on Preventing Youth Violence
On April 4, 2011, the Department of Justice (DOJ) and other federal agencies hosted the Summit on Preventing Youth Violence in Washington, D.C. where mayors and other officials from six cities presented comprehensive plans to prevent youth violence in their communities.  More information about the summit and the plans can be accessed by clicking the press release above.

Advancing Evidence-based Policy and Programs in Pennsylvania
The presentation above was done for the Pennsylvania Children & Youth Administrators on April 1, 2011.  It includes an overview of the infrastructure that Pennsylvania has put in place to support evidence-based practices; highlights state-specific benefits of evidence-based interventions (e.g. MST, FFT, & MTFC) including cost-savings, impact on placement rates, and 2010 outcomes; and briefly touches on issues related to sustaining evidence-based intervention.

School Shooter Video Game Pending Release
The Bureau of Drug and Alcohol Programs (BDAP) is urging out treatment and prevention professionals to take a formal stand against the release of an upcoming video game, the purpose of which is to kill unarmed students on a school campus, developed by Checkerboard Studios called "School Shooter: North American Tour 2012".  The BDAP's formal letter requesting assistance in this matter can be accessed by clicking the link above.
For additional information, please click here.

Successful Promotion of Knowledge and Strong Relationships Helps Coalitions Achieve Long-Term Outcomes
Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of America (CADCA) released a research brief, which can be accessed by clicking the link above, describing a recent study by Shabnam Javdani and Nicole Allen at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign examining the extent to which coalitions affect proximal outcomes and how these proximal outcomes may interrelate to each other and their relationships to long-term outcomes.

Botvin LifeSkills Training Most Widely Used Evidence-Based Prevention Program in Elementary Schools
A new study, published in the Journal of Drug Education, has found that Botvin's LifeSkills Training (LST) program is the top evidence-based drug abuse prevention program in the United States, based on use by elementary schools.
Click on the link above for more information.

Prevention Action - Does prevention really pay?
Prevention Action published an article on their website (click the link above) about a chapter written by Michael Foster in the Clinical Handbook of Assessing and Treating Conduct Problems in Youth titled "Evidence-based treatment programs for conduct problems: are they cost effective?".  The chapter considers the cost-effectiveness of programs by looking at interventions designed to reduce conduct problems.

Webinar Recording - From Research to Implementation, held on March 16, 2011
The National Criminal Justice Association and the Bureau of Justice Assistance held a webinar called "From Research to Implementation" with presentations from Timothy P. Condon, Ph.D., Science Policy Advisor with the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy, John L. Eadie, Director of the Prescription Monitoring Program (PMP) at the Center of Excellence at Brandeis University and Rebecca Rose, Policy Advisor and grant contact for the Harold Rogers Prescription Drug Monitoring Program on March 16, 2011.  This webinar, which can be heard by clicking the link above, covered the development and adoption of criminal justice policies grounded in science, program evaluation strategies, upgrading quality prevention programs, the benefits of using evidence-based programs, and many other topics.

Policy Brief: About Short-term Outcome Indicators for School Use and the Need for an Expanded Policy Framework
UCLA's Center for Mental Health in Schools published a brief that (1) defines indicators (because the term is so broadly used in school circles), (2) places the concept into the context of the various ways indicators can be used in education, (3) explores some specific considerations and concerns that arise in evaluating results, (4) offers a categorization and examples of short-term outcome indicators for school use, and (5) stresses the need for policy makers to expand the accountability framework for schools.The brief can be accessed by clicking the attachment above.

White House Conference on Bullying Prevention
Click the link above for materials from the White House Conference on Bullying Prevention that provide information and resources on how communities can work together to prevent bullying.

Attorney General Holder Calls for Improvements to Juvenile Justice System
At the National Association of Counties Legislative Conference on March 7, 2011, Attorney General Eric Holder alluded to the progressive approach of of PCCD in supporting Communities That Care in Pennsylvania: "it's time to broaden our approach to juvenile justice - and to ensure that sound research and respected analysis are a part of our decision-making process.  We know that we must transition from a prosecution-and-punishment model to a prevention-and-intervention paradigm.  We also must adopt a comprehensive plan of action - one that engages law-enforcement partners, medical professionals, social services providers, lawyers, parents, teachers, coaches, mentors and community leaders."
Click the link above for the full speech.

Meeting the Mental Health Needs of Children
According to a research brief released by PolicyLab of the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, strides are being made by health reform legislation in addressing and meeting the needs of children with mental health problems.  Click the attachment above to read more about PolicyLab's proposed actions to improve outcomes for children with mental health problems and their families.

Blog:  How Can We Do Better for Children?
Dr. Peter Jensen, founder of the REACH Institute, has a new blog on accountable care organizations and child mental health services, raising the question, "Are our States, Agencies, or Practices at Risk if We Fail to Provide Effective Child Mental Health Services?"
Click the link above to read more abut this and other topics.

Effects of a Social Development Intervention Fifteen Years Later
Seattle Social Development Project Interventions
Effects of a Social Development Research Group (SDRG) outlined findings from the Seattle Social Development Project demonstrating that 15 years after a childhood intervention ended, the participants reported significantly better mental health, sexual health, and higher educational and economic attainment than a control group.

Research Published on the Effectiveness of SEL
The first large-scale meta-analysis of school-based social and emotional learning (SEL) programs has been published in Child Development.  The research, a synthesis of 213 studies of SEL programs involving more than 270,000 students in grades K-12, reveals that students who participated in school-based SEL programs improved in grades and standardized test scores by 11 percentile points compared to control groups.

Facebook Page Developed to Connect with CTC Sites
The University of Washington's Social Development Research Group, led by CTC developers J. David Hawkins and Richard F. Catalano, have launched a Facebook page to connect you and your communities to SDRG and one another.  Click the link above to access the page.

Studies on After-School Programs Yield Mixed Results
On their website, Prevention Action discusses recent research that suggests not all after-school programs for middle school students are effective in decreasing negative behaviors.  While there were positive effects for some of the programs, other programs were found to increase the likelihood of misbehaving.

Botvin LifeSkills Training (LST) Launches Free Middle School Companion Website
The free LST Middle School Companion website is for use with the award winning LST Middle School program, a groundbreaking substance abuse and violence prevention program based on more than 24 years of rigorous scientific research.  The website consists of two user-friendly sites, one for teachers and one for students, that correspond with the curriculum of the program.

Prevention Service System Transformation using Communities That Care (CTC)
Recent research from the Social Development Research Group's (SDRG) trial on CTC compared communities with CTC to those without 4.5 years after CTC implementation.  Findings demonstrated that communities with CTC had higher rates of adopting evidence-based prevention and had leaders who devoted more funding to prevention.  To read more about other findings, click the link above.